Beckham who has an OBE, had been tipped to be knighted as had Wimbledon Champion and Sports Personality of The Year, Andy Murray.
But two notable football administrators have been honoured.
Former Football Association chairman David Bernstein has been made a CBE.
Bernstein was appointed to the role of chairman in 2010 but was forced to relinquish the post under FA rules when he reached the age of 70. He was replaced by Greg Dyke in July.
"I think this honour relates to all my 20 years in football and I am really delighted," said Bernstein.
"I had 10 years at Manchester City and it was a fantastic period to be involved at a key moment in its history, getting the club back on its feet and organising the deal for the new stadium.
"It was then enormously satisfying to be involved with Wembley through its construction phase to see it become the greatest stadium in the world."
West Ham vice-chairman Karren Brady has been made CBE for services to entrepreneurship and women in business.