Leeds United have been served with a winding up order by Ford and Warren Solicitors over unpaid legal fees.
The fees, believed to be around £150,000. relate back to when former chairman Ken Bates was still at the club.
The petition is set to be heard at Leeds Combined Court on 13 January.
Bates sold the club to GFH Capital in 2012, before Italian businessman Massimo Cellino bought a majority share of the club towards the end of last season.
Nick Collins, senior partner at Ford & Warren, told BBC Radio Leeds: "This is not a dispute with Mr Cellino. This is something he has inherited from the previous ownership of the club."
"We bear no ill-will towards Mr Cellino and we wish him well. I genuinely hope we can resolve this amicably but we must do what is necessary to protect our clients' position."
The Elland Road side are currently 17th in the Championship, with no wins in their last eight matches.
The club are on their third manager since Cellino took over at the club, with Neil Redfearn being appointed from academy coach to head coach last week.